Sewing has been present in our life for a long time ago. It began with hand sewing that appeared over 20 000 years old. The first needle was made of animals horns or bones and the first thread made of animal sinew.
Until the 14th century the first iron needle was invented, and then the first eyed needles were made in the 15th century. In 1755, the first mechanical sewing was created by the German.
Nowadays, there are thousands of different sewing machine of many countries in over the world with the advanced and high function. You can see a lot of sewing machine on the website on internet easily and also offer the one for you.
In this article, we want you to know more about the history of sewing machines from the past up to now.
The civil war and sewing machines
In the time of civil war, the elegance, noiselessness, and speed: the beauty and strength of the stitch are not possible to rave and leaving with no chain on the underside. The sewing machine becomes popular and successful because of the economy of thread and the adaptability to the thinnest and the thickness fabric.
In spite of the complement only in 1854, the sewing machine played an important role in the producing of uniform for the civil war for seven years later.
If you used to use the sewing machine, you must know that the formation or the machine stitches always depends on the complicated arrangement of the tension, thread, bobbin and the needles.
Besides, it also takes much experimentation to improve the devices which could replace the hand sewing to the medical sewing machine. The first attempt failed.
For instantly, In 1814, the first American sewing machine in the lock-stitch machine was invented. However, this machine was broken before sewing more than the amount of fabric.
Some other products were patented, but it was not successful because of trying to imitate hand sewing.
Fortunately, In Paris, a tailor named Thimonnier broke the hand sewing pattern and built the first chain or in the other word the lock stitch machine in 1830.
This machine worked very well, but he was killed by some tailors because they believed that this machine would make them lose their job.
In the USA, due to the afraid of attacking by the trade union for the same reason, the inventor who created the safety-pin designed the first American lock stitch machine was not patented.
Issac Singer and Elisa Howe
Until the year of 1854, the first lock stitch sewing machine of Elias Howe was patented and produced commercially.
At that time, this machine could sew about 250 stitches one-minute ad it was equivalent to at least five hand sewers, so it was a financial saving.
In 1854, he went to England to widen his market; he returned that Issac Singer and some others infringed on his patent.
Finally, the sewing machine companies cooperated and pooled their patents, made the sewing machine manufacturers was able to blossom into the primary American industry.
The civil war established the sewing machine to replace for the hand sewing. At that time, not only uniform severed for the army, but also forage caps, haversacks and shoes were ordered to be sewed by machine. The reason is that it was more durable and cheaper.
The requirement was so great that the company advertised for those who take their machines to the factory for making the shelter tents up to twelve dollars per week. Because of the war demand, the Singer machine could sell up to twenty thousands machines per year. The inventor can earn more than 2 million dollars from his invention.
In 1846, the eye-pointed needle sewing machine of Hunt was re-invented by Elias Howe in Massachusetts. Each one had a curved eye-pointed needle which passed the thread through the fabric in the arc motion.
On the other side of that fabric, it created the loop and the second thread carried by shuttle running back and forth on the track via the loop creating the lock stitch.
The Elias’design was copied by the Isaac Singer and the others that led to a lot of court battle. However, a court in the 1850s gave the patent right for Elias Howe to the eye-pointed needle.
Some other moments in the sewing machine history
James Gibbs patented the first chain stitch and single thread sewing machine.
From 1840 to 1922 Maine licensed the first zig zag stitch machine for Helen Augusta Blanchard. As you know, the zig zag stitch made better seals the edges of a seam and the garment sturdier.
Besides, Helen was patented 28 other inventions consisted of the sewing machine, surgical needles and several other improvements to sewing machines.
The next step of garment industry was the mechanical sewing machine; the first one was used in the textile factory. Until he year of 1889, a sewing machine for using in the home was designed and marketed. Especially, the electrically powered sewing machine was used in vast scale.
In conclusion, the sewing machine has a long time of history; each period has its beauty that needs to be discovered by those who are interested in sewing and clothes. Hope that you will have more knowledge about the history of the sewing that you use today.